A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology

By R. L. Trask | Go to book overview

R

R

In some versions of Dependency Phonology, a component invoked to characterize tongue-root retraction in pharyngealized consonants. Cf. alpha (sense 2). Anderson and Ewen (1987).


raddoppiamento sintattico

n. [Italian: 'syntactic doubling'] The phenomenon in Italian by which, in certain grammatical circumstances, a word-initial consonant is pronounced long: Maria è più alda che mai 'Maria is hotter than ever'; Mario haatto tutto 'Mario has done everything'.


radical

adj. 1. Pertaining to the root of the tongue. 2. (of a constriction) Involving a complete or nearly complete obstruction of the vocal tract, as in the articulation of an obstruent 3. In some analyses, a superordinate feature of which [ATR] is a dependent.


Radical Underspecification

n. (RU) A version of Underspecification Theory which holds that, in every phonological position, one value or the other of each feature is the unmarked value, and that the unmarked value cannot be specified underlyingly; hence all underlying feature specifications are of (contextually) marked feature values. RU was proposed in Archangeli (1984) and defended in Archangeli (1988) and Archangeli and Pulleyblank (1989). See Roca (1994:62-77) for a summary. Cf. Contrastive Underspecification.


radiography

n. The use of X-rays to take photographs of the vocal tract during the production of speech sounds. Cf. cineradiography. Adj. radiographic


radix

n. The root of the tongue. Adj. radical; CF radico-.


raised

adj. 1. (of a vowel) Having undergone earlier raising within the time span under consideration, such as the raised /æ/ found in many urban American accents. 2. A label formerly applied to [+ATR] vowels in African languages showing ATR vowel harmony.


raised-larynx voice

n. A voice quality characterized by persistent raising of the larynx during speech; such speech often sounds rather

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A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Figures vi
  • Preface vii
  • Acknowledgements ix
  • Abbreviations xi
  • Guide to Pronunciation xii
  • A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology xiii
  • A 1
  • B 46
  • C 62
  • D 101
  • E 126
  • F 139
  • G 154
  • H 165
  • I 175
  • J 188
  • K 191
  • L 193
  • M 214
  • N 232
  • O 245
  • P 254
  • Q 298
  • R 299
  • S 316
  • T 350
  • U 365
  • V 371
  • W 385
  • X 391
  • Y 392
  • Z 393
  • Appendix: the International Phonetic Alphabet (Revised to 1993) 394
  • References 395
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