A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology

By R. L. Trask | Go to book overview

S

S

A symbol used to mark a strong foot or syllable.


sagittal section

n. A planar section through the body which separates the left side from the right side. The familiar diagram of the vocal tract is a sagittal mid-section (that is, a sagittal section midway through the body). Cf. coronal section, transverse section.


salience

n. The property of being the first syllable in a foot, the syllable on which the beat of stress-timing falls. Abercrombie (1991b: ch. 10).


Salience, Principle of

n. A putative principle governing the effect of phonological change on inflectional morphology. It says: the more prominent an inflectional marking is (that is, the more phonetic substance associated with it), the greater the tendency to retain the inflection in the face of sound changes tending to reduce it. Lemle and Naro (1977).


Sammy

n. A jocular term for a sagittal section of the upper part of the human vocal tract, the familiar diagram in every phonetics textbook.


sandhi

n. Any of various phonological processes applying to sequences of segments either across morpheme boundaries (internal sandhi) or across word boundaries (external sandhi). Examples of the first are the devoicing of English plural /z/ in cats and the velar softening of /k/ to /s/ in electric/electricity, examples of the second are Sanskrit sa: 'she'+u:vača 'spoke' > sovača 'she spoke' and tat 'this'+mama 'of mine' > tan mama 'this of mine', plus linking r and intrusiver in non-rhotic accents of English. See Allen (1962) for an account. Sanskrit grammar: sam 'together'+dhi 'put'.


satellite

n. [obsolete] See onset. Hockett (1955).


scalar feature

n. A distinctive feature which can assume three or more values.


scansion

n. 1. The analysis of the metrical structure of verse. 2. In Metrical Phonology, the analysis of metrical structure (stress patterns).

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A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Figures vi
  • Preface vii
  • Acknowledgements ix
  • Abbreviations xi
  • Guide to Pronunciation xii
  • A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology xiii
  • A 1
  • B 46
  • C 62
  • D 101
  • E 126
  • F 139
  • G 154
  • H 165
  • I 175
  • J 188
  • K 191
  • L 193
  • M 214
  • N 232
  • O 245
  • P 254
  • Q 298
  • R 299
  • S 316
  • T 350
  • U 365
  • V 371
  • W 385
  • X 391
  • Y 392
  • Z 393
  • Appendix: the International Phonetic Alphabet (Revised to 1993) 394
  • References 395
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