A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology

By R. L. Trask | Go to book overview

W

w

In some approaches to phonology, notably Metrical Phonology, a conventional label for a weak (unstressed) foot.


wave

/weiv/ n. An oscillation propagated through a medium in such a way that energy is periodically interchanged between two kinds of disturbance. In the case of a sound wave travelling through air, the disturbance takes the form of alternating compressions and rarefactions of the air along the line of transmission.


wave equation

n. The fundamental equation describing the behaviour of all waves: v = fλ. Here v is the velocity of the wave, f is the frequency and λ is the wavelength.


waveform

n. The shape of a wave as shown by plotting the value of some oscillating quantity against time.


wavelength

n. The distance, measured in the direction of propagation, between two points in the same phase in consecutive cycles of a wave. Symbol: λ.


wazn

n. See binyan. Arabic grammar.


weak consonant

n. A consonant which is high in sonority, such as an approximant, and which may serve as the target of lenition. Ant. strong consonant.


weakening

n. See lenition(sense 1).


weak form

n. A pronunciation of a word, typically occurring in unstressed position, in which one or more segments are reduced to central vowels or to zero: or for and, for than, or for them, or for have, or for can. Ant. strong form.


weak syllable

n. A less usual term for light syllable.


weak verb

n. In English and other Germanic languages, a verb which forms its past tense and past participle by suffixation: live/loved/loved. Cf. strong verb.


wedge

/wed3/n. See hachek.

-385-

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A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Figures vi
  • Preface vii
  • Acknowledgements ix
  • Abbreviations xi
  • Guide to Pronunciation xii
  • A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology xiii
  • A 1
  • B 46
  • C 62
  • D 101
  • E 126
  • F 139
  • G 154
  • H 165
  • I 175
  • J 188
  • K 191
  • L 193
  • M 214
  • N 232
  • O 245
  • P 254
  • Q 298
  • R 299
  • S 316
  • T 350
  • U 365
  • V 371
  • W 385
  • X 391
  • Y 392
  • Z 393
  • Appendix: the International Phonetic Alphabet (Revised to 1993) 394
  • References 395
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