Water Resources and Conflict in the Middle East

By Nurit Kliot | Go to book overview

4

THE HELSINKI AND ILC RULES: PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE FOR WATER DIVISION IN THE NILE, THE TIGRIS-EUPHRATES AND THE JORDAN-YARMUK-CONCLUDING REMARKS

This book has tried to examine the practicability of applying the Helsinki and ILC Rules to the process of water allocation of international rivers-in particular to the Nile, the Euphrates and the Jordan-Yarmuk river systems. Before we carefully examine the possible outcomes of such an application, some general features of these rivers and the populations whose livelihoods depend on the water of the rivers should be taken into account.

First, as a result of the combined forces of nature (in the form of consecutive droughts) and society (in the form of accelerated population growth rates), the water resources of the three rivers are becoming scarcer and thus more precious. As a result, the Jordan-Yarmuk, the Nile and the Tigris-Euphrates (in that order) have reached a state of over-utilization and the quality of their water resources has deteriorated significantly.

Second, although scarcity of water has been strongly felt among all the coriparians of the three rivers, there is still a peculiarly large water wastage in all three-mainly as a result of wasteful irrigation methods, under-maintained water delivery systems and poor management. The human response to the required changes has been painfully slow in its accommodation to the new situation of reduced water supplies.

Third, in none of the three international river basins discussed in this book have the fluctuations in water supply over the last decade led to political and legal co-operation or to the adoption of more equitable water allocation. The few existing agreements for water allocation such as that for the Nile have not been based on equity for all the co-riparians and, in the Tigris-Euphrates and JordanYarmuk river basins, some co-riparians have over-extended their water usage at the expense of the other co-riparians. Finally, as a result of all the above processes, the chances for a 'water war' erupting in the Middle East are increasing, especially in the Jordan-Yarmuk basin where the great dependence of

-265-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Water Resources and Conflict in the Middle East
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 309

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.