Western Warfare in the Age of the Crusades, 1000-1300

By John France | Go to book overview

Notes

Chapter One
1.
The author would like to acknowledge his debt to the rather different but highly stimulating discussion of the importance of property by J. C. Holt, “Politics and property in early medieval England”, Past and Present 57, 1972, pp. 3-52; 65, 1974, pp. 130-2; reprinted in Landlords, peasants and politics in medieval England, T. H. Ashton (ed.) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987), pp. 65-114 and J. C. Holt, Colonial England (London: Hambledon, 1997), pp. 113-60.
2.
OV, vol. 4, p. 272, and see J. France, Victory in the East: a military history of the First Crusade (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994), pp. 41-2.
3.
J. F. Fino, Forteresses de la France médiévale (Paris: A. & J. Picard, 1967), p. 111. On Caerphilly, see C. N. Johns, Caerphilly Castle, Mid-Glamorgan (Ministry of Works: Cardiff, 1978). At the siege of Nicaea during the First Crusade, Henry of Esch seems to have passed for an expert, but the armoured roof he built collapsed, killing those manning it: France, Victory in the East, p. 163.
4.
S. Reynolds, Fiefs and vassals (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994), pp. 48-74; E. Lewis, Medieval political ideas, [2 vols] (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1954), vol. 1, pp. 88-139; R. van Caenegem, “Government, law and society”, in Cambridge history of medieval political thought, J. H. Burns (ed.) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988), pp. 174-211.
5.
J. Flori, L'idéologie du glaive: préhistoire de la chevalerie (Geneva: Droz, 1983), p. 168.
6.
Rodolfus Glaber, Histories, in Rodulfus Glaber opera, J. France (ed.) (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989), pp. 104-5 n6, 268 n1; Gislebert, p. 181.
7.
E. John, “English feudalism and the structure of Anglo-Saxon society”, in Orbis Britanniae and other studies (Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1966), pp. 128-53; R. P. Abels, Lordship and military obligation in Anglo-Saxon England (London: British Museum Publications, 1988).
8.
T. Reuter, “Plunder and tribute in the Carolingian empire”, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 35, 1985, pp. 75-94; J. Gillingham, Richard the Lionheart (London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 1978), pp. 9-23, has quite rightly argued that what was at issue was rebellion rather than merely buried treasure, but it is interesting that the story that it was treasure which was at stake could be believed.

-244-

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