Parts of speech (advanced)
Chapter Two covers the eight Parts of Speech in considerable detail, but its range is restricted. Although some of the material on verbs, adjectives and adverbs looks at compounds - structures of more than one word expressing a uniform linguistic concept - on the whole its focus is on single words
. This section is mainly devoted to the further study of compounds - phrases and clauses that do the work of verbs, nouns and so on. In addition, it covers certain other sophisticated matters 'postponed' from the earlier Chapter. I stressed at the outset that this is not a fully comprehensive Guide
, and I do not claim to cover every matter pertaining to Parts of Speech. But my hope is that between them Chapters Two and Five take care of most of the things that you need to know or will find useful.
Direct and reported speech
Please read these elementary sentences:
|2 He drives like a maniac. |
In each case there is an implicit sense of speech: as we read we hear the words as well. And to make that sense of speech explicit doesn't require much effort or ingenuity: