European Union Negotiations: Processes, Networks and Institutions

By Ole Elgström; Christer Jönsson | Go to book overview

4

Negotiating transparency

The role of institutions

Bo Bjurulf and Ole Elgström


Aim and focus

On May 30 2001 a new regulation on public access to EU documents (EP and Council 2001) was presented. It was heralded in the European press as a breakthrough for transparency in the arcane EU decision-making apparatus. The regulation contained rules and norms that had long been advocated by openness proponents.

This outcome of the negotiation process poses a puzzle for many observers. A clear majority in the Council of Ministers, including the most powerful member states, supported a more limited transformation of existing rules, corresponding to the tradition of circumscribed openness that permeates their own societies. How did this majority finally agree to a text that was widely perceived to differ from their national interests?

According to Realist accounts of international negotiations, the distribution of power is the best predictor of bargaining outcomes (Gulliver 1979; Habeeb 1988). Similarly, intergovernmental approaches to EU negotiations emphasize asymmetric bargaining power among the member states in explaining the results of negotiations (Moravcsik 1993). The focus in both cases is limited to state actors. Although some recent research has added complexity to the traditional view by exploring the role of non-state actors and networks (Jönsson et al. 1998; Elgström and Smith 2000; Beach 2002), in general little attention has been paid to the role of institutions in EU negotiations.

In this chapter we argue that a focus on institutional arrangements enhances our understanding of negotiation processes and final negotiated outcomes. In brief, the main message of institutionalist thinking is that 'institutions affect outcomes': 'political struggles are mediated by prevailing institutional arrangements', as Simon Bulmer puts it (1994:355). The effect of institutions - 'legal arrangements, routines, procedures, conventions, norms, and organizational forms that shape

We thank the Swedish Research Council for the Social Sciences and the Humanities and the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation for financial support and Christer Jönsson and Jonas Tallberg for helpful comments. We are indebted to the officials who shared their experiences and observations with us.

-45-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
European Union Negotiations: Processes, Networks and Institutions
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 228

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.