Multilateralism, German Foreign Policy, and Central Europe

By Claus Hofhansel | Go to book overview

5

German minorities in Poland and the Czech Republic

Another issue in German-Eastern European relations which could not be resolved during the Cold War was the status of remaining ethnic Germans in Central and Eastern Europe. To the extent that the West German government was able to negotiate improvements in their position during the Cold War, such improvements were the result of bilateral efforts. After the end of the Cold War the German government negotiated a further set of bilateral agreements, but the minority rights provisions of these agreements more or less conformed to multilateral minority rights standards formulated by the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe and other multilateral bodies. The links between issues such as the recognition of Poland's western border, compensation for Nazi victims and the rights of German minorities in Central and Eastern Europe may not be obvious, but during the Cold War and at the end of the Cold War period such links were in fact quite tight. In a memorandum prepared by a high-ranking foreign office official for a meeting with Chancellor Brandt in April 1970, the West German diplomat proposed that the German delegation link German concessions on the border issue with demands for Polish concessions on minority issues. The West German delegation should not bring up the reparations question, though. 1 Twenty years later, on February 27, 1990, in the context of negotiations on German reunification, officials in Chancellor Kohl's office suggested to Kohl that he propose a friendship treaty, which would contain a final recognition of Poland's western border, a final Polish renunciation of reparations claims and a legally binding Polish commitment to respect the minority rights of ethnic Germans in Poland. 2

In the German-Czech case the minority issue was less central for a number of reasons, although this did not make the overall state of relations less difficult. In September 2000 the German government estimated the number of ethnic Germans in the Czech Republic as 100,000 compared to 400,000 in Poland, although more recent Czech census figures put the number at fewer than 40,000. 3 Furthermore, compared to the situation in Poland after World War II and the expulsions/resettlement of ethnic Germans that followed, ethnic Germans in Czechoslovakia were more

-75-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Multilateralism, German Foreign Policy, and Central Europe
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 157

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.