Historians disagree frequently, and this is certainly the case for any assessment of the Dust Bowl experience. Two basic questions have been the subject of considerable inquiry and divergent approaches. One concerns the nature of the human response of residents of the Great Plains to the Depression and the Dust Bowl disaster; farmers revolted against traditional politics and status quo solutions. Another question considers causal factors of the environmental catastrophe. Historians have pondered the extent to which nature, government institutions, and individual farmers should shoulder responsibility.
William C. Pratt defines the insurgency, stressing the complicated, nonmonolithic nature of the farm revolt. For Pratt, many questions remain, and those questions already answered might require additional consideration. Such analysis will demand a painstaking, county-by-county approach. Pratt believes we do not know exactly who participated in the insurgency. He identifies at least four farm revolt groups that have been ignored by historians: women, local business leaders, law enforcement personnel, and fascists. The factors that ended the farm revolt also have been inadequately explained.