Effective Speaking: Communicating in Speech

By Christopher Turk | Go to book overview

that what you say may carry a lot of weight. Few people hear factual criticism of their presentations, for listeners are usually too polite to say anything. The speaker may have lived in a fantasy world, and be raw and sensitive about his actual performance. I have found from experience that it is best to mix positive and negative points. Try to boost confidence by pointing out first the attractive features of the speaker's technique. Balance this by noting what can be improved. Even very experienced speakers can improve; but a new and inexperienced speaker needs most of all a boost in his confidence, and praise is the best form of criticism to achieve this result. So encourage your friend to make the praise real and credible by also noting what needs to be improved, but to balance the apportionment of praise and blame. The aim is to improve your speaking skills, not to indulge in a self confidence obstacle course!


Notes to chapter ten
1.
Griffitt, W., and Veitch, R., Ten Days in a Fall-out Shelter, Sociometry, Vol.37 (1974), pp.163-173.
2.
Mitchell, John, A Handbook of Technical Communication (Wadsworth, 1962), p. 186.

-179-

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Effective Speaking: Communicating in Speech
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgements ix
  • 1 - Communicating in Speech 1
  • Notes to Chapter One 11
  • 2 - The Audience 13
  • 3 - Selecting, Planning and Arranging the Material 43
  • Notes to Chapter Three 69
  • 4 - Starting, Carrying On, and Ending 72
  • 5 - Making Notes 85
  • 6 - Coping with Nerves: the Credibility Problem 100
  • 7 - Timing and Bad Timing 117
  • 8 - Intonation and Variety 129
  • Notes to Chapter Eight 143
  • 9 - Non-Verbal Communication 145
  • Notes to Chapter Nine 164
  • 10 - Arranging the Physical Environment for a Talk 167
  • Notes to Chapter Ten 179
  • 11 - Visual Aids 181
  • 12 - Persuasive Advocacy 210
  • Notes to Chapter Twelve 233
  • 13 - Question Time: Leading a Group Discussion and Answering Questions 236
  • Further Reading 252
  • 14 - Conclusion 254
  • A Specialist Bibliography 256
  • Index 271
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