Science and Golf II: Proceedings of the 1994 World Scientific Congress of Golf

By A. J. Cochran; M. R. Farrally | Go to book overview

14

Three-dimensional kinematic analysis of the golf swing

P.A. McLaughlin and R.J. Best

Biomechanics Unit, Centre for Rehabilitation, Exercise and Sports
Science and the Department of Physical Education and Recreation,
Victoria University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia

Abstract

Three groups of 10 golfers of differing handicap ranges were videoed driving a golf ball for distance. 3-d motion analysis techniques were used to measure kinematic data at five points in the golf swing. Analysis of variance results showed 11 parameters that were different among groups at p<0.001. Some of these parameters were correlated allowing further trimming of the list to; the vertical distance between the clubhead and hands at the top of the backswing, the position of the hips and knees at the middle of the downswing, maximal clubhead velocity, trunk angle at address and the angle between the left arm and the clubshaft at the middle of the downswing and this angle's angular velocity at ball contact. This study's data agreed with previous literature that emphasised the delay of wrist adduction or 'uncocking'. The major limitation in this study was the relatively small sample size and frame rate.

Keywords: Golf, Biomechanics, 3-d kinematics, Statistics.


1 Introduction and Literature Review

Despite the huge amount of literature relating to the golf swing, the application of scientific quantitative method to this skill is scarce. Technological improvements since

Cochran and Stobbs' (1968) study has not seen a congruent increase in the quantitative investigation of the skill. Cochran and Stobbs expounded a theory of the golf swing as a double pendulum. Their report formed the theoretical basis of the majority of the literature to follow. Milburn (1982) and Neal and Wilson (1985) have all built upon the foundations layed by Cochran and Stobbs (1968). Milburn (1982) explored the double pendulum theory with his 2-d motion analysis study of the downswing of 4 collegiate and one low handicap golfer, Neal and Wilson (1985) further advanced the area with a 3-d analysis of 4 professional and

Science and Golf II: Proceedings of the World Scientific Congress of Golf. Edited by A.J. Cochran and M.R. Farrally. Published in 1994 by E & FN Spoil, London. ISBN 0 419 18790 1

-91-

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