Science and Golf II: Proceedings of the 1994 World Scientific Congress of Golf

By A. J. Cochran; M. R. Farrally | Go to book overview

65

Improving the performance of golf turf soils by cultivation

K.W. McAuliffe, R.J. Gibbs and A. Glasgow

NZ Turf Culture Institute, Palmerston North, New Zealand

Abstract

Soil conditioning and/or artificial drainage offers a cost-effective solution to many poorly drained golf greens, tees and fairways.

A scientific analysis of the site and soil profile is a pre-requisite with any drainage improvement programme.

Measuring the permeability of soil profile horizons allows the depth to and thickness of any barrier layer to be identified.

A national study into the permeability of soil profiles carried by agronomists of the NZ Turf Culture Institute provided an insight to the drainage characteristics of golf greens. Permeability measurements illustrated that drainage performance is site specific, depending on properties such as construction type, nature of the sand used and age of green.

The cultivation equipment selected to rectify a drainage problem must also be site specific. A cultivation trial carried out on a fine sandy loam practice golf green showed significant, relatively long term improvement in root zone permeability using the HydroJect and Verti-drain.


1 Introduction

A fundamental requirement for successful turf management is a deep, healthy plant root system. In turn a good root system will result only if the soil environment is adequately maintained.

In many parts of the world golf courses with poorly drained greens, tees and fairways are the norm rather than the exception. Many courses have been built using local soil materials and to a budget, so it is not surprising that when coupled with high water loading and player pressure, they perform badly from the drainage viewpoint.

Reconstruction is undoubtedly one way to resurrect a poorly performing green, tee or fairway. But reconstruction need not be the most cost effective

Science and Golf II: Proceedings of the World Scientific Congress of Golf. Edited by A.J. Cochran and M.R. Farrally. Published in 1994 by E & FN Spon, London. ISBN 0 419 18790 1

-437-

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