Science and Golf II: Proceedings of the 1994 World Scientific Congress of Golf

By A. J. Cochran; M. R. Farrally | Go to book overview

75

Impact of golf courses on ground water quality

A.M. Petrovic

Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA

Abstract

This paper summaries the results from both research studies and actual golf course monitoring of ground water for pesticide and nitrate contamination. In both cases there have been few studies conducted. For the most part, the real life golf course results compare well with the controlled research studies. Where differences exist, a more careful examination of the nature of the studies revealed a good explanation of the differences. A newly established site with limited turf cover appears to have the greatest potential for excessive pesticide leaching.

Keywords: Pesticide, Fertilizer, Leaching, Environment, Ground Water.


1. Introduction

Turfgrass sites such as golf courses have been under considerable pressure to defend the unregulated use of pesticides and fertilizers in relationship to ground water quality. The concern over the impact of pesticides and fertilizers on groundwater quality has been fueled by impacts noted from other systems, mostly tradition agriculture.

There is only a recent history associated with pesticides and/or fertilizers and groundwater quality. In the 1970s, nitrates were found in community wells in several states in excess of drinking water standards. Flipse et al. (1984) suggested that lawn fertilization could be a significant source of nitrate contamination of groundwater in sewered suburban watersheds. Pesticides (atrazine, aldicarb and 1, 2-dibromochloropropane) used in traditional agriculture were first detected in groundwater of seven states in the USA in 1979/80.

The first extensive sampling of community and private wells for pesticides and nitrate in the United States was conducted during 1988-1990 by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), as reported by Cohen (1991). Samples

Science and Golf II: Proceedings of the World Scientific Congress of Golf. Edited by A.J. Cochran and M.R. Farrally. Published in 1994 by E & FN Spon, London. ISBN 0 419 18790 1

-497-

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