Genetically Modified Crops: Assessing Safety

By Keith T. Atherton | Go to book overview

In the future, as rDNA technology finds broader application, and the new prospects for this technology become commercial realities, the regulatory approaches to evaluating the safety of GM food crops are expected to evolve accordingly.


References
Andersen, J.L. (1999) Testimony of Janet L. Andersen, PhD, Director, Biopesticides and Pollution Prevention Division, Office of Pesticide Programs, Office of Prevention, Pesticides, and Toxic Substances, US Environmental Protection Agency Before the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry, United States Senate, October 7, 1999. US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA), Office of Pesticide Programs, http://www.epa.gov/oppbppd1/biopesticides/otherdocs/testimony-wsenate.htm
Betz, F.S., Hammond, B.G. and Fuchs, R.L. (2000) 'Safety and advantages of Bacillus thuringiensis-protected plants to control insect pests', Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 32(2): 156-73.
CAST (1998) 'The proposed EPA Plant Pesticide Rule', Council for Agricultural Science and Technology, CAST Issue Paper no. 10, http://www.cast-science.org/epar_ip.htm
CEQ/OSTP (2001) Case Studies of Environmental Regulation for Biotechnology. Washington, DC: Council on Environmental Quality/Office of Science and Technology Policy, http://ostp.gov/html/012201.html
Codex (2001) Report of the Working Group. Ad Hoc Open-Ended Working Group on Allergenicity. Codex Ad Hoc Intergovernmental Task Force on Foods Derived from Biotechnology. Vancouver, British Columbia. September 10-12.
Codex (2002) Ad Hoc Intergovernmental Codex Task Force on Foods Derived from Biotechnology. 3rd Session. Yokohama, Japan.
FAO/WHO (1991) Strategies For Assessing The Safety of Foods Produced by Biotechnology. Report of a Joint FAO/WHO Consultation. Geneva: World Health Organization.
FAO/WHO (1996) Biotechnology and Food Safety: Report of a Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation. Geneva: World Health Organization.
FAO/WHO (2000) Safety Aspects of Genetically Modified Foods of Plant Origin. Report of a Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation on Foods Derived from Biotechnology.May 19 to June 2. Geneva: World Health Organization.
FAO/WHO (2001) Evaluation of Allergenicity of Genetically Modified Foods. Report of a Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation on Allergenicity of Foods Derived From Biotechnology.22-25 January. Geneva: World Health Organization, http://www.who.int/fsf/GMfood/Consultation_Jan2001/report20.pdf
IFT (1996) Appropriate Oversight for Plants with Inherited Traits for Resistance to Pests, A Report from 11 Professional Scientific Societies. Coordinating Society, Institute of Food Technologies, July 1996.
James, C. (1999) Global Review of Commercialized Transgenic Crops: 1999. Ithaca, NY: International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications. ISAAA Briefs no. 12, http://www.isaaa.org/publications/briefs/Brief_12.htm
Karenlampi, S. (1996) Health Effects of Marker Genes in Genetically Engineered Food Plants. Copenhagen, Denmark: Nordic Council of Ministers.
Kessler, D.A., Taylor, M.R., Maryanski, J.H. et al. (1992) 'The safety of foods derived by biotechnology', Science 256: 1747-832.
Kough, J. and Vaituzis, Z. (1999) 'Characterization and non-target organism data requirements for protein plant-pesticides', paper presented at the FIFRA Scientific Advisory Panel, 8 December 1999.

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