The Resettlement, II The Southeast, the West, and the Soviet Union
The primary reason for resettling the Volksdeutsche of Italy, the Baltic States, and eastern Poland was Hitler's concern that they could create difficulties with his allies, Stalin and Mussolini, and would thereby disrupt his foreign policy plans. But quite different considerations determined the wartime fates of the rest of Europe's Volksdeutsche, especially those of southeastern Europe. Instead of being seen as potential sources of conflict, they were regarded as crucial, mostly positive links between the Reich and the states and peoples of the region. It was not in the Reich's interest to remove them. But there were several exceptions to this policy. There were also Volksdeutsche outside of southeastern Europe who, because of wartime circumstances, required resettlement.
The most notable exceptions to the policy of leaving the Volksdeutsche of southeastern Europe in place were the Rumanian resettlements in the fall of 1940, which served the same purposes as those discussed in the preceding chapter. In the secret protocol of the 23 August 1939 Nazi-Soviet Treaty, Hitler had also conceded the northeastern Rumanian province of Bessarabia to the Soviets. In June 1940, concurrently