The Minorities in the War Years An Overview
Resettlement did not eliminate all German minorities from foreign lands. The Volksdeutsche of Slovakia, Hungary, most of Rumania, the two successor states of partitioned Yugoslavia ( Croatia and Serbia-Banat), Denmark, and the Soviet Union remained in their homelands. Reich policy toward these groups continued as in the prewar period, preserving them as distinct ethnic-racial entities and using them as Reich interests required. Far more, however, was expected of them. These Volksdeutsche, no less than Reich Germans and the resettlers, would have to contribute to the war effort, as defined and directed by Himmler and the SS. Consequently Vomi assumed dual and sometimes conflicting responsibilities. It supervised the contributions of the minorities to the war effort while at the same time it tried to preserve them as distinct entities. In the process Vomi, already serving as Himmler's auxiliary, made SS auxiliaries of them as well.
Two developments made fulfilling Vomi's wartime responsibilities to the remaining minorities more difficult. One was its concurrent involvement in the RKFDV program, which demanded much of its attention and resources. The second was the continued erosion of its