may be interpreted as a means to retain cultural identity.191 By the second century B. C. E., agreements were recorded in Greek as well as Demotic. Other groups organized themselves into professional associations for the payment of professional taxes and for social life.
Divine oracles were a standard medium through which disputes were resolved and in front of which oaths were sworn. Most of the evidence for the institution, written in Demotic, comes from the Ptolemaic period. In this process, a petitioner wrote out a question or a declarative statement in the negative and in the affirmative. The question was then split in two and submitted to the oracle. The statue of the oracle would either nod in reply, or one of the questions was handed back, providing the answer to the query. Children appear to have been important as media of oracular questions, as P. Dodgson from the Ptolemaic period shows.193
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