Description of Data Sources
Data on individual characteristics and voting participation were obtained from the Voter Supplement to the Current Population Survey (CPS) in November of 1994, 1996, 1998, and 2000. Data sources for other variables are noted below. The full sample contains all respondents who answered questions to the voting and registration questions in the CPS. Interviews were conducted in English and Spanish. Puerto Ricans are excluded from the sample because it is unclear to which immigrant generation they should be assigned. Also, foreign-born individuals who have lived in the United States for less than six years and claim that they are U.S. citizens are excluded because of their higher propensity to misreport their citizenship status. In general, misreporting of the vote is lower in the CPS than in other surveys such as the National Election Studies (Presser, Traugott, and Traugott 1990). For a more detailed discussion of vote misreporting, see Chapter 2.
Race / ethnicity: Non-Hispanic white as the omitted category
Black: 1 if black, non-Hispanic, 0 otherwise
Asian: 1 if Asian, non-Hispanic, 0 otherwise
Latino: 1 if of Hispanic origin (any race), 0 otherwise
First generation: 1 if born outside the United States or outlying territories, 0 otherwise
First generation less than fifteen years in the United States: First generation and lived in the United States less than ten years