Susan Calafate Boyle
Ste. Genevieve, a community on the west bank of the Mississippi River, about sixty miles south of St. Louis, was one of a number of French settlements in a region that extended from Quebec to Louisiana. During the eighteenth century, the territory on both sides of the Mississippi River, between the Ohio River and the Great Lakes, including present-day Missouri, was called the Illinois Country. 1. Like other communities in the Illinois Country, the population of Ste. Genevieve was highly mobile and included French, Spanish, Americans, blacks, and several Indian groups.
French settlement began in Ste. Genevieve in the middle of the eighteenth century, when habitants (resident farmers) trickled in from Kaskaskia, Cahokia, Post Vincennes, Prairie du Rocher, Nouvelle Chartres, and other communities in the vicinity, along with some from Canada, particularly the province of Quebec. Cession of the Mississippi's east bank to Britain in____________________