The Founding of the American
Church Institute for Negroes,
The [American Church] Institute offers to those who are anxious to advance in an effective way the cause of Christ and of education among the negroes an opportunity to use in that work a corporation competent to do in its field what the General [Education] Board does in its larger field.
—George Foster Peabody 1.
To make Episcopalians is not the first purpose of our schools.... It is rather to contribute our share in preparing the rising generation of Negroes to discover themselves and their possibilities, to find their real and necessary place in our civic and industrial life, and to make their racial contribution to the moral safety and progress of our Christian civilization.
—George Alexander McGuire 2.
One way to understand the powerful influence of the General Education Board is to examine in detail the smaller philanthropies that imitated the richly endowed foundation and sought to secure its support. The GEB could plan carefully, both in private meetings and public reports, issue persuasive propaganda, and use its gifts to prod educational innovation in a favored direction, but, in the end, it could not simply order people to do its bidding. As the recommendations of the GEB trickled through the layers of the southern educational____________________