Earlier developments are dealt with in the Introduction and Overview.
The turnout was over 75 per cent. There was a 4 per cent threshold for parliamentary representation. The Bulgarian Socialist Party did even better than expected, winning an absolute majority of seats in the National Assembly (see Table 2.1). Only five parties won seats in the National Assembly. Smaller ones failed to do so, e.g. the Democratic Alternative for the Republic (a centre-left coalition). The parties with seats in the National Assembly were as follows:
Bulgarian Socialist Party: leader Zhan Videnov. (The Bulgarian Socialist Party was joined in an election pact by the Bulgarian Agrarian Party 'Alexander Stamboliski' and the Political Club 'Ecoglasnost': Deutsche Bank, Focus: Eastern Europe, 1995, no. 130, p. 3.)
Union of Democratic Forces: leader Filip Dimitrov. (He resigned after the election and was replaced by Ivan Kostov.)
People's Union: a coalition of the Democratic Party (which split from the UDF) and the Agrarian Party.
Movement for Rights and Freedoms: leader Ahmed Dogan.
Bulgarian Business Bloc: leader Georgi Ganchev (a former émigré). (The bloc became part of the coalition government, but Ganchev was later disqualified as an MP because he held a US passport at the time of the election: EEN, 14 April 1995, vol. 9, no. 8, p. 1, and 28 April 1995, vol. 9, no. 9, p. 8.)
24 January 1995: the new government is announced. Membership includes Roumen Getchev (vice-premier in charge of the economy and privatization; he