Thought & Knowledge: An Introduction to Critical Thinking

By Diane F. Halpern | Go to book overview

Subject Index

A
Acceptable, 229
Acceptable premises, 195
Acquisition, 84
of information, 43
Acquisition goal, see Encoding goal
Adequate grounds, 229
in arguments, 199
Advance organizers, 85
Advertisements, role of inference, 91-92
Affirming the antecedent, 147, 180
Affirming the consequent, 148, 180
Algorithm, 318, 346
Ambiguous, 135
words, 109
American Psychiatric Association, Chronicle of Higher Education, 101
American Psychological Association, 69
Analogical thinking, and creativity, 409-412
Analogies, 96-99, 394
aid to understanding, 96-97
in argument, 217
to persuade, 97-99
as problem-solving aids, 97
and problem-solving skills, 384-386
Anatomy of a problem, 350-352, 393
Anchor, 117
Anchoring, 116-117, 135
Antecedent, 146, 180
Appeals to authority, 230
in argument, 217-218
Appeals to ignorance, 217, 230
Appeals to pity, 212,229
Appeals to pride or snobbery, 214, 230
Appeals to tradition, 230
in argument, 219
Argument, 183-230, 228
actively open-minded thinking, 193-195
analyzing, 204-205
anatomy of, 183-189
applying the framework, 226-227
changing beliefs, 225-226
diagramming the structure, 189-193
evaluating the strength of, 195-204
explaining as knowing, 209-226
persuasion and propaganda, 207-209
template for writing, 205-207
Arguments against the person, 211-212, 229
Assumptions, 187-188,229
Attention, paying, 52-54
Attitude changes, and syllogisms, 171
Attribute listing, 428
and creativity, 421-422
Automatic memory, 45, 84
Automatic thinking, 7
Availability, 319
Availability heuristic, 318-321, 346

B
Bandwagon, see Popularity
Base rate, 306
and probability, 287-288
Base-rate neglect, 306
and probability, 287-288
Belief bias, 145, 180
The Bell Curve (Herrnstein & Murray), 25
Bending rods, experiment of, 246-247
Biased discounting, 329,346
Biased sample, 262, 301, 307
and hypothesis testing, 236-238
Bible Code,270
Bionics, 411, 428
Bisociative thinking, 401, 428
Bounded rationality, 174, 181
Brainstorming, 394, 428
and problem solving, 382-383
Browsing, and creative thinking, 424
Bureaucratese, 111-112, 135

C
Cards, 274-275
Card stacking, 215, 230
Categorical reasoning, 157, 180
Categories, power of, 103-104
Chained conditional, 154, 180
Chained structures, 229
of argument, 191

-460-

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