Personality and Work: Reconsidering the Role of Personality in Organizations

By Murray R. Barrick; Ann Marie Ryan | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 11
Emerging Trends and
Needs in Personality
Research and Practice

Beyond Main Effects

Changes in world economies and their workforces continue to change the world of work, and thus the practice and science of industrial/ organizational (I/O) psychology. Movement from an industrial economy to a service and information economy, globalization, digitization, workforce diversity, and the increasingly rapid rate of change have created work settings that require different competencies and different models for understanding and explaining behavior. I/O psychologists have responded, and personality constructs and theories have provided the content for advances in I/O thinking (Hough, 2001).


Brief History

During a dark ages period from about 1965 to 1985, the accepted wisdom was that personality variables explained little, if any, variance in outcomes of interest to I/O psychologists. Personality variables played virtually no role in our field's models and theories of performance.

Then during the 1990s, personality variables experienced a renaissance with a phoenix-like rise to prominence. Research surged.

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