The Shadow Welfare State: Labor, Business, and the Politics of Health-Care in the United States

By Marie Gottschalk | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 2
The Missing Millions The “Exceptional” Politics of Organized Labor and the U.S. Welfare State

The private-sector safety net, the result of decades of negotiations and confrontations between labor and management in the United States, is an integral part of the U.S. welfare state. Yet analysts of the welfare state usually focus on state activities, largely ignoring private-sector developments. Direct government spending on social welfare provision is a central concern while social welfare provided through the private sector, notably job-based employee benefits, is not.

The sharp distinction analysts make between public- and private-sector activities is an artificial one, especially in the United States. The term “welfare state” is highly misleading because it obscures how a vast array of both public- and private-sector actors, incentives, and initiatives shape the provision of social welfare. 1 Such an exclusive focus on the public sector slights the significant part that unions have played in the development, expansion, and retrenchment of social welfare provision in the United States. Organized labor's advances and setbacks at the bargaining table, in the courts, and in Congress and state legislatures fundamentally have shaped both the private-sector safety net and the public provision of social protection in the United States.

It may be more illuminating to understand social welfare provision as the product of the interaction between the public and private sectors; referred to here as the public and private welfare states. Scholars who take a more comprehensive view of the welfare state highlight the importance of private- sector developments and public-sector activities, such as tax expenditures, that have an important but indirect bearing on social provision in the private sector. As these analysts “cast a wider net and redefine the welfare state to include previously ignored or under-emphasized phenomena, ” certain

-16-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Shadow Welfare State: Labor, Business, and the Politics of Health-Care in the United States
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 288

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.