The two main sources for M. R. James's life and work are R. W. Pfafl, Montague Rhodes James (1980) and my own M. R. James: An Informal Portrait (Oxford, 1983; Oxford Paperbacks, 1986). The latter focuses on, James's private life and personal charac teristics and contains a chapter on the genesis and development of the ghost stories; Pfaff's book concentrates on James's scholar ship and includes a valuable chronological bibliography of his scholarly writings. For James's other published work A. F. Scholfield's bibliography Elenchus Scriptorum Montacutii Rhodes James (1935), based on a list prepared by James, is adequate but not definitive. Also of interest are J. Randolph Cox, 'Montague Rhodes James: An Annotated Bibliography of Writings About Him', English Literature in Transition, 12 (1969), 203–10, and Richard Dalby, 'The Ghost Stories of M. R. James', Book and Magazine Collector, 16 (June 1985), 46–53.
S. G. Lubbock's A Memoir of Montague Rhodes James (Cambridge, 1939), which reprints Scholfield's Elenchus, is a brief but charming portrait of James by a close friend. Other biographi cal sources of interest include: Montague Rhodes James... Three Tributes (by J. H. Clapham, A. B. Ramsay, and from The Times) (1936); Sibyl Cropper, 'Letters to a Child' (i.e. to her from James), Cornhill Magazine, 160 (Nov. 1939), 639–51; Eton College Chronicle, 18 June 1936 (various obituary notices); Sir Stephen Gaselee, 'Montague Rhodes James 1862–1936', Proceedings of the British Academy, 22 (1936), 418–33; M. R. James, Eton and King's: Recollections, Mostly Trivial (1926); Shane Leslie, 'Montague Rhodes James', Quarterly Review, 304 (1966), 45–56; Gwendolen McBryde (ed.), Montague Rhodes James: Letters to a Friend (1956); Norman Scarfe, The Strangeness Present. M. R. James's Suffolk, Country Life (6 Nov. 1986), 1416–19. See also the Dictionary of National Biography (1931–40), 471–3 (article by A. F. Scholfield). For a resume of unpublished biographical sources see my M. R. James (above), pp. 236–7.