These last chapters are slightly different in nature from the others in the book. If up to this point we have mainly pursued a straightforward exposition of Badiou's philosophical system, here we will begin to consider a number of different problems or complications arising from this system. Chapter 12 tackles the most obvious such problem, the problem that defined much of Badiou's work in the years immediately following the publication of L'Etre et l'événement. This is the problem of ethics and evil, the problem of truth gone wrong. What is to stop a truth from asserting an effectively dictatorial power? Chapter 13 moves into more varied problematic territory, and brings together my own questions regarding certain aspects of Badiou's system, most of which turn on the problem of relationality, broadly understood. I suggest that, to some degree at least, Badiou evades the question of dictatorship only by recourse to an approximately absolutist logic. The last chapter summarizes Badiou's own very recent and still tentative investigation of the whole question of relation and logical possibility, his elaboration of a domain of “appearing” or “being there” to complement that of pure being as being.