Many people helped make this book possible, and though they deserve much credit and gratitude for their patience and advice, I willingly shoulder the blame for all errors. First, my deepest gratitude goes to my two graduate advisors at the University of Nebraska—Lincoln and The Ohio State University. Dr. Peter Maslowski was a model of scholarly professionalism who inspired me during my undergraduate and graduate days at UNL. Together we discovered the uncharted world of Civil War military intelligence and came up with the idea for this project. I believe the findings in this study more than justify our early enthusiasm. I am also thankful for his friendship and sage advice. His faith in me helped transform my love of history from infantile fascination to a profession. It is safe to say that, without Pete and his red pen, I would not be where I am today.
My dissertation advisor, Dr. Allan R. Millett, taught me so much about the Civil War, military history, and the historical profession, but I am most thankful for the wonderful friendship we developed while "campaigning” at Gettysburg, Carnifex Ferry, Franklin and Nashville, the Wilderness, and Shiloh. Without his guidance, vast knowledge of military history, and friendship, I would not be the historian I am. If my professional accomplishments even approached the level of his remarkable and distinguished career, I would consider myself fortunate. A finer scholar and "pard” would be hard to find.
The late Edwin C. Fishel, the dean of Civil War military intelligence, was with me in spirit every step of the way. His groundbreaking study of intelligence in the eastern theater, his experience in the intelligence business, and his mastery of the resources at the National Archives made my research much more profitable and enjoyable. From him I learned what it truly means to be a gentleman and a scholar. His willingness to share ideas, research notes, and insights gained from decades of research provided a model of scholarly cooperation and selflessness. Most of all, my long research trips to Washington were always brightened by the many dinners shared with Ed and his wife, Gladys, at the Cosmos Club. Those who study the "late unpleasantness” for a living as well as for fun owe a great debt to Ed Fishel.
I am also indebted to Michael Musick and Michael T. Meier of the