Boys will be boys not because they were born that way but because masculinity requires it of them.
Several years ago I began to question the influence feminist academic mothers have on their children with two of my female colleagues at the university. Each of us had raised a young adult son and daughter while pursuing our careers as elementary school teachers and tenured faculty professors. Initially we were predominantly interested in how our professions had influenced the education of our daughters (Abbey, Castle, and Reynolds 1998; Castle, Abbey, and Reynolds 1998). At some point during this study with our daughters, our sons questioned why we were not interested in their experiences as well. Their queries and good-humored taunting encouraged us to undertake a second study addressing our responsibility as feminist mothers raising sons. At the time of this second study, one son was completing his fourth year of computer studies at university while the other two sons had recently completed their