Andrew C. Inkpen
Over the past few decades there has been an enormous increase in the formation of international strategic alliances and in the research efforts devoted to understanding alliances. This chapter provides an analysis of the major issues and research questions that have been studied in the international alliance area. Although the objective is to be as comprehensive as possible, the enormous output in alliance studies, especially in the 1990s, necessitates that various areas can be discussed only peripherally. The chapter begins with a brief overview of alliance forms and then moves on to consider alliance formation and governance structures, alliance performance, control issues, bargaining power, the role of trust, evolutionary processes, and alliance networks. Within each section, key research areas and questions are identified and the major supporting research and associated findings are discussed.
Strategic alliances are collaborative organizational arrangements that use resources and/or governance structures from more than one existing organization.