Work on this book was initially stimulated through conversations with several friends and colleagues. For their encouragement, and for their guidance on legal aspects of the inquiry, thanks go to Michael Anderson, Alan Boyle, Christine Boch, Chris Himsworth, Antonia Layard, and Leonor Moral Soriano. Drafts of the work in progress benefited from discussions at various seminars, conferences, and workshops, and I would like to thank everyone who has contributed to its development at these events and in personal conversation, in particular Brian Barry, John Barry, Avner De-Shalit, Andrew Dobson, Andrew Light, David Miller, John O'Neill, Graham Smith, and Susan Stephenson.
A substantial portion of the initial research was made possible by ESRC grant R000222269 and this is gratefully acknowledged. Part of the research was conducted during a visiting fellowship at the Oxford Centre for Ethics, Environment and Society (OCEES), Hilary Term 1998, for which I warmly thank my hosts at Mansfield College. The rest of the work was carried out at the University of Edinburgh where I have enjoyed the support of excellent colleagues and the additional freedom to write afforded by a couple of terms' sabbatical leave. The University also supported the 1998 public seminar 'Constitutional Environmental Rights for Scotland?', whose assembled panel of lawyers, campaigners, and politicians helped simultaneously to broaden and to focus the perspectives that have come to inform this work, and I would particularly like to thank, in addition to people named elsewhere, Sarah Boyack and Andy Myles. I am also indebted to Eurig Scandrett and Friends of the Earth Scotland for the insights yielded by several seminars they have sponsored on environmental justice.
Special thanks go to my colleagues Russell Keat and Lynn Dobson for reading all of the chapters at critical stages in their