Charles's MS of this sermon is dated 21 October, 1735 and carries the further inscription 'on board the Simmonds'. In the 1816 edition there is an editorial note prefixed which reads 'Preached on board the Simmonds', 1 but there is no independent evidence that Charles preached this sermon on that day. No section of the journal covering that period is extant. It was on this same day, however, that John Wesley described in his journal the way in which he, his brother, Mr Delamotte, and Mr Ingham spent their time on board the ship. During the hours from nine to twelve, said John, 'my brother writ sermons'. 2 How many of the days of the journey Charles spent in this way cannot be ascertained. On this particular day, however, he clearly did engage in this activity; it may be that 21 October was the date of Charles's composition (or transcription) rather than delivery. Possibly significant for the date is the fact that the sermon closes with the Collect for the second Sunday after Trinity, though Charles's use of this Collect probably has more to do with the content of the sermon than with the Church calendar.
There is no indication on the MS to suggest that the sermon was copied from John. Indeed, though John preached from Philippians 3: 13-14 three times, there is no record of his doing so before 1741. 3 This fact and other indications of the sermon's originating with Charles have already been discussed in Chapter 4 . The conclusion of that discussion was that in this sermon we have an early, probably the earliest surviving 4 , example of a complete sermon by Charles.
The MS is located at the John Rylands University Library of Manchester. 5 It comprises 14 leaves (7 folded sheets) which have been stitch-bound into booklet form. Leaf 1 comprises the cover and is written recto only. The sermon itself is found on leaves 2-14; 2-13 are written recto and verso and leaf 14 recto only. With one minor exception, 6 the sermon is written in longhand throughout.
It was published as sermon XI in the 1816 edition, though as with all of the texts in that volume there are major differences between the MS form and what was published. Thus, for example, the words 'Christian Perfection is the goal of our religious race; the stand whereon our crown of reward is placed', found on page 14 of the MS, appear in the 1816 edition as 'Christian perfection, or universal holiness, is the goal of our religious course', where both the addition of 'or universal holiness' and the omission of 'the stand whereon