Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

By Paul Webb; David Farrell et al. | Go to book overview

the Fourth Republic, with a mass membership but confined to opposition, or under the Fifth, when it has had the chance to hold ministerial office and affect policy directly, albeit as a minority.

Alternation in power has, it is true, repeatedly disappointed—most notably when the Left discovered the constraints of a global economy and of European integration. It is perhaps here that the organizational weakness of French parties, their declining ability to root themselves in civil society, their proneness to prolonged personal feuding (especially but not exclusively on the Right), their incapacity to renew their leaderships, and their continuing corruption, may prove dysfunctional. In other systems with better integrated parties, voter disappointment with government may cause temporary damage to the party considered most responsible; in France, more readily than elsewhere, disappointment may affect the wider system, as it did, with damaging consequences, in the 1990s. The implosion of the FN (after it had reproduced, in caricatural form, the leadership struggles characteristic of its competitors) and falling unemployment offered more optimistic perspectives for the new century; but the claim made by Jospin's advisers that his premiership has 'rehabilitated politics' is perhaps premature.


References

Appleton, A. (1995) 'Parties under pressure: challenges to “established” French parties'. West European Politics 18: 116-39.

Archambault, E. (1996) Le Secteur sans but lucratif (Paris: Economica).

Bell, D. S. and Criddle, B. (1988) The French Socialist Party, 2nd edn, (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

Bennahmias, J.-L. and Roche, A. (1991) Des Verts de toutes les couleurs: Histoire et sociologie du mouvement écolo (Paris, Albin Michel).

Bon, F. and Cheylan, J.-P. (1988) La France qui vote (Paris: Hachette).

Boy, D. and Mayer, N. (1997) 'Que reste-t-il des variables lourdes?', in D. Boy and N. Mayer (eds) L' Électeur a ses raisons (Paris: Presses de la FNSP), pp. 108-11.

Bréchon, P. (1999) Les Partis Politiques (Paris: Montchrestien).

Cambadélis, J.-C. and Osmond, E. (1998) La France Blafarde (Paris: Grasset).

Camus, J.-Y. (1996) Le Front National: Histoire et Analyses (Paris: Olivier Laurens).

Capdevielle, J. (1998) 'Les opinions et les comportement politiques des ouvriers: Une évolution inévitable? Irréversible?'. Cahiers du CEVIPOF 21. (Paris: Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques).

Charlot, J. (1971) The Gaullist Phenomenon (London: George Allen and Unwin).

—— (1986) 'La Transformation de l'image des partis politiques Français'. Revue Française de Science Politique 36(1): 5-13.

Cole, A. (1993) 'The presidential party and the fifth republic'. West European Politics 16(2) (April).

—— (1996) 'The French Socialists', in J. Gaffney (ed.) Political Parties and the European Union (London: Routledge), pp. 71-85.

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Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Comparative Politics ii
  • Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies iii
  • Acknowledgements v
  • Contents vii
  • List of Figures ix
  • List of Tables x
  • Notes on Contributors xiv
  • 1: Introduction 1
  • References 14
  • 2: Political Parties in Britain 16
  • References 42
  • 3: Italian Parties 46
  • Appendix: Glossary of Party Acronyms 73
  • 4: Party Decline in the Parties State? the Changing Environment of German Politics 77
  • References 103
  • 5: France 107
  • References 147
  • 6: The Colour Purple 151
  • 7: The Scandinavian Party Model at the Crossroads 181
  • References 210
  • 9: Spain 248
  • References 276
  • 10: Parties at the European Level 280
  • References 306
  • 11: Still Functional After All These Years 310
  • 12: Canada's Nineteenth-Century Cadre Parties at the Millennium 345
  • References 377
  • 13: Political Parties in Australia 379
  • References 406
  • 14: Parties and Society in New Zealand 409
  • References 434
  • 15: Conclusion 438
  • Index 461
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