serve a changing political system as the patterns of Canadian governance are being reordered. The parties' primary tasks—their manifest functions—of nominating candidates and conducting elections persist; what are again changing are the latent functions they perform for the wider polity. This is not the decline of party, for the roles of the political parties are not so much in decline as they are being transformed. They must be judged in terms of the demands of a new and different system rather than compared to their practices in an old one. The genius of Canadian cadre parties has been in their ability to survive and adapt to successive political systems that have made radically different demands upon them. That is why the country is entering the twenty-first century with refurbished nineteenth-century parties.
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