The books of Chronicles, hereafter referred to collectively as Chr., are the second major biblical source for the history of the Israelite monarchy. Although they are based on the Deuteronomistic History (DH), 1 they differ from DH in style and in some areas of content, and have a distinctive theological outlook on the rise and fall of the monarchy which is no doubt due at least in part to their post-exilic perspective. Chr.'s date in the post-exilic period, together with its strong emphasis on correct cultic procedures, would seem to make it an obvious source to examine for information on the high priesthood; however, matters are complicated by the fact that Chr. ostensibly deals with the pre-exilic period. It is therefore necessary to examine Chr. both in its own right and with reference to DH, so that account can be taken of anachronism and reinterpretation which might appear in the later work.
From antiquity until the twentieth century Chr. was regarded as a literary unity with Ezra-Nehemiah, and it cannot be denied that there is a close relationship between them, as is demonstrated by the repetition of 2 Chr. 36: 22-3 in Ezra 1: 1-3, and the composition of the LXX Esdras A (ET 1 Esdras), which uses material from 2 Chronicles, Ezra, and Nehemiah. However, studies of vocabulary, style, subject matter and theology in Chr. and Ezra-Nehemiah have now indicated that there are good grounds for challenging the traditional viewpoint, 2 and for the purposes of this