Women and American Politics: New Questions, New Directions

By Susan J. Carroll | Go to book overview
a means of discouraging women's aspirations. See “Report of the Special Joint Committee on Gender Bias in the Courts” 1989.
9
In January 1992 I was involved in a project which entailed interviewing a quarter of the women members of the European Parliament. Membership in the European Parliament imposes a greater degree of isolation than membership in national legislatures; MEPs must live in Belgium and France for three weeks out of every month that the Parliament is in session. Nevertheless, many of the women talked about the rewards of interacting with their constituents and claimed it was one of the primary factors that motivated them to enter politics.

References

Ackelsberg, Martha, and Irene Diamond. 1987. “Gender and Political Life: New Directions in Political Science.” In Analyzing Gender: A Handbook of Social Science Research, ed. B. Hess and M. Ferree. Newbury Park: Sage Publications.

Barber, James, D. 1965. The Lawmakers: Recruitment and Adaptation to Legislative Life. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Beckwith, Karen. 1989. “Sneaking Women into Office: Alternative Access to Parliament in France and Italy.” Women & Politics 9: 1-15.

Bennett, S. E., and L. L. M. Bennett. 1992. “From Traditional to Modern Conceptions of Gender Equality in Politics: Gradual Change and Lingering Doubts.” Western Political Quarterly 45: 93-111.

Bock, Gisela, and Susan James. 1992. Beyond Equality and Difference. London: Routledge.

Boneparth, Ellen, ed. 1982. Women, Power and Policy. New York: Pergamon Press.

Bullock, Charles, and S. MacManus. 1991. “Municipal Electoral Structures.” Journal of Politics 53: 75-89.

Burrell, Barbara. 1996. A Woman's Place Is in the House: Campaigning for Congress in the Feminist Era. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Carroll, Susan. 1994. Women as Candidates in American Politics. 2nd ed. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

—— and Wendy S. Strimling. 1983. Women's Routes to Elective Office. New Brunswick: Center for the American Woman and Politics.

Carter, Cynthia, Gill Branston, and Stuart Allan, eds. 1998. News, Gender, and Power. London: Routledge.

Cavarero, Adriana. 1992. “Equality and Sexual Difference: Amnesia in Political Thought.” In Beyond Equality and Difference, ed. Gisela Block and Susan James. London: Routledge.

Chodorow, Nancy. 1978. The Reproduction of Mothering. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Clark, Janet. 1991. “Getting There: Women in Public Office.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 515: 62-72.

———Charles Hadley, and Robert Darcy. 1989. “Political Ambition Among Men and Women State Party Leaders: Testing the Countersocialization Perspective.” American Politics Quarterly 17: 194-207.

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Women and American Politics: New Questions, New Directions
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Women and American Politics iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents vii
  • List of Figures ix
  • List of Contributors x
  • References 25
  • Part I Running for Public Office 31
  • 1: Accounting for Women's Political Involvement 33
  • References 49
  • 2: Campaign Strategy 53
  • References 68
  • 3: Money and Women's Candidacies for Public Office 72
  • References 85
  • Part II Other Aspects of Women's Participation in Electoral Politics 87
  • 4: The Impact of Women in Political Leadership Positions 89
  • 5: Women, Women's Organizations, and Political Parties 111
  • References 141
  • 6: The Gender Gap 146
  • References 166
  • Part III New Directions in Women and Politics Research 171
  • 7: Assessing the Media's Impact on the Political Fortunes of Women 173
  • References 187
  • 8: A Portrait of Continuing Marginality 190
  • References 210
  • 9: Broadening the Study of Women's Participation 214
  • References 229
  • Index 237
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