1 Order and Justice in International Relations: What Is at Stake?
Andrew HurrellJohn Rawls's famous claim that 'Justice is the first virtue of social institutions' has, when applied to international relations, faced the perennial realist rejoinder that international life has never had very much to do with the pursuit of virtue or of justice.
As Gilpin puts it, 'Anarchy is the rule; order, justice, and morality are the exceptions'.
This debate has taken different forms at different times but the tension between solutions to the problem of order and solutions to the problem of justice has shaped and structured a very great deal of international thought.
This chapter addresses three questions:
|1 In what sorts of ways has the relationship between order and justice been understood within International Relations?|
|2 Are traditional strategies of reconciling order and justice adequate?|
|3 If, as will be argued, they are indeed inadequate, how should we think about international justice and the problem of order in a globalized world?|
1 Traditional Understandings of Order and Justice
Many analyses of social order, whether in International Relations (Bull) or social theory (Elster), begin with a beguilingly simple distinction.
4 On the one