I have imposed uniformity of reference style upon the different articles, and I have not hesitated to make alterations when something seemed to me to be infelicitous or downright wrong—so most of these papers have undergone change, sometimes very minor, sometimes quite extensive. Chapter 5 was written for a Festschrift in honour of David Pears. To make it suitable for the present collection, the opening paragraph, which paid tribute to the honorand, has been omitted. Chapter 7 has not been published before. The original publication locations of the other papers are as follows:
Chapter 1 , 'Wittgenstein—an Overview', in A. Martinich and D. Sosa (eds.), A Companion to Analytic Philosophy (Oxford: Blackwell, 2001).
Chapter 2 , 'Wittgenstein and the Autonomy of Humanistic Understanding', in R. Allen and M. Turvey (eds.), Wittgenstein, Theory and the Arts (London: Routledge, 2001).
Chapter 3 , 'Developmental Hypotheses and Perspicuous Representations: Wittgenstein on Frazer's Golden Bough', in Iyyun: The Jerusalem Philosophical Quarterly, 41 (1992), 277-99.
Chapter 4 , 'Was he Trying to Whistle it?', in A. M. Crary and R. Read (eds.), The New Wittgenstein (London: Routledge, 2000), 353-88.
Chapter 5 , 'When the Whistling had to Stop', in D. O. M. Charles and T. W. Child (eds.), Wittgensteinian Themes: Essays in Honour of David Pears (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2001), 13-48. A shorter version of the same paper was published in German in H. J. Schneider and M. Kross (eds.), Mit Sprache spielen: Die Ordnungen und das Offene nach Wittgenstein (Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 1999), 95-118.
Chapter 6 , 'Naming, Thinking, and Meaning in the Tractatus', Philosophical Investigations, 22 (1999) 119-35.
Chapter 8 , 'Frege and the Later Wittgenstein', in A. O'Hear (ed.), German Philosophy since Kant—Royal Institute of Philosophy supplement, 1999 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999), 223-47.