Fertility and Social Interaction: An Economic Perspective

By Hans-Peter Kohler | Go to book overview

3 The Density of Social Networks and Fertility Decisions: Evidence from South Nyanza District, Kenya

3.1 Introduction

Theories of demographic behavior that include interactions among individuals usually encompass two distinct social processes that affect contraceptive behavior. Social learning emphasizes that decisions about contraceptive adoption are subject to substantial uncertainty. Learning about other women's experiences through social interactions may reduce this uncertainty and thus may change the probability that a woman herself adopts contraception or reduces fertility (see Chapter 2). Social influence emphasizes normative influences on behavior. Social influence captures the fact that a woman's preferences for children may be influenced and altered by those with whom she interacts. Network partners may express their disapproval of a married woman believed to be using family planning by speculating that she cares about her looks because she seeks to attract other men. Alternatively, they may praise a woman believed to be using family planning for being a responsible mother, concerned about feeding, clothing and educating her children.

In this chapter we exploit variations in the structure of social networks to analyze the processes of social interactions in the adoption of modern contraception in South Nyanza District, Kenya. In particular, we investigate whether it is the content or the structure of social interactions that matters, and whether social learning or social influence is the dominant process through which social interactions affect fertility change.

This analytic distinction between social learning and social influence is significant for at least three reasons. First, it is relevant for our theoretical understanding of whether fertility preferences are fixed or endogenous in economic models of demographic behavior (Easterlin et al. 1980 ; Pollak and Watkins 1993). Second,

-61-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Fertility and Social Interaction: An Economic Perspective
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 211

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

    Already a member? Log in now.