Iver B. Neumann
One would expect that the development of regionalization between states or parts of states will have some bearing on democratization since it is a prerequisite for democracy that there exist more nodes of power than one, and also that there exists some kind of an arena on which politics may play itself out. Yet, the relationship between democracy and regionalization is very far from clear. The problem may be stated simply. Within the parameters set by the Western political canon, in order for there to be democracy, there must first be a particular demos—a people. Where the delineation of the people is unclear, and more than one human collective is seen to have overlapping rights and obligations that make for overlapping loyalties and identities, it is hard to conceive of democratic politics. Since regionalization is a phenomenon involving more than one state, and various parts of one state, it does not lend itself immediately to the perspectives offered by the literature on democracy.
Robert Dahl's lauded attempt to think of democracy in terms of, what he calls, polyarchy may serve as an example. A polyarchy has seven attributes: elected officials, free and fair elections, inclusive suffrage, the right to run for office, freedom of expression, alternative information, and associational autonomy. 1 In order to determine whether or not a political entity may be called a polyarchy, that entity must be clearly delineated and ready to stage an exclusive game of representational politics, played out with clearly defined