Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe - Vol. 2

By Jan Zielonka; Alex Pravda | Go to book overview

3 The Impact of External Economic Factors: The Role of the IMF

Susan Senior Nello

The unprecedented nature of transformation from 1989 in the Central-East European countries (CEECs) and after 1991 in most of the New Independent States of the former Soviet Union (NIS) meant that governments in those countries faced difficult choices concerning how (or, in some cases, whether) 1 to introduce democracy and market-oriented economies. In the literature there seems a certain consensus that the international dimension played an important role in influencing these choices. However, the emphasis tends to be on political rather than economic factors, though the two cannot always be separated. The aim here is to examine how external economic influences may affect democratic consolidation and the introduction of market forces in the post-communist countries.

The term 'external economic factors' covers a wide range of very different influences. A first distinction can be made between external shocks and developments on the one hand, and external actors on the other. External shocks and developments include the attempted reform and break-up of the Soviet Union, the collapse of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance and the Warsaw Pact, disintegration and war in Yugoslavia and the subsequent embargo, the split of Czechoslovakia, and the recession in West Europe at the beginning of the 1990s. There also seem to have been strong interconnections between the transition of various post-communist

-76-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe - Vol. 2
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Oxford Studies in Democratization ii
  • Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents vii
  • List of Figures ix
  • List of Tables x
  • List of Contributors xi
  • Introduction 1
  • Part I Comparative Perspectives 30
  • 1: Western Actors and the Promotion of Democracy 31
  • 2: Regionalization and Democratic Consolidation 58
  • 3: The Impact of External Economic Factors 76
  • 4: International Security and Democracy Building 112
  • 5: The Internationalization of Ethnic Strife 139
  • 6: International Migration and the Consolidation of Democracy 163
  • Appendix 191
  • 7: Crime, Corruption, and Politics 192
  • Appendix: the Surveys 250
  • Part II National Perspectives 256
  • 9: Estonia and Latvia 257
  • 10: Hungary 281
  • 11: Poland 311
  • 12: The Czech Republic 325
  • 13: Slovakia 363
  • 14: Building Democracy in Romania 383
  • 15: Bulgaria and Macedonia 413
  • 16: Former Yugoslavia 437
  • 17: Belarus and Ukraine 455
  • 18: Russia and the West 485
  • 19: Conclusions 511
  • Select Bibliography 533
  • Index 542
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 556

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.