Shaun Bowler is Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Riverside. Bowler is co-editor of Party Discipline and Parliamentary Government (1999), co-editor of Electoral Strategies and Political Marketing (1992), and co-author of Demanding Choices: Opinions, Voting and Direct Democracy (1998), which concerns the process of direct democracy. He is currently working on the relationship between direct and representative democracy.
Miki L. Caul is a doctoral candidate in political science at the University of California, Irvine, and a research fellow in the Center for the Study of Democracy. Her research interests focus on political parties, participation, and women in politics. Her doctoral research examines the factors facilitating the representation of women in parties within the OECD nations. She has published her research in Party Politics, Comparative Political Studies, and Pilipinas.
Russell J. Dalton is Professor of Political Science and Director of the Center for the Study of Democracy at the University of California, Irvine. His scholarly interests include comparative political behaviour, political parties, social movements, and empirical democratic theory. He is author of The Green Rainbow: Environmental Interest Groups in Western Europe (1994), Citizen Politics, 2nd edn. (1996), and Politics in Germany (1993); he co-authored Critical Masses: Citizens, Environmental Destruction, and Nuclear Weapons Production in Russia and the United States (1999), Germany Transformed (1981); and he is editor of Germans Divided (1996), The New Germany Votes (1993), Challenging the Political Order (1990), and Electoral Change (1984).
David M. Farrell is Jean Monnet Chair in European politics at the University of Manchester. He is an executive member (from 1998) of the Political Organizations and Parties section of the American Political Science Association, joint editor of Party Politics, and author of numerous papers on parties, campaigns, and electoral systems. His recent books include: Party Discipline and Parliamentary Government (co-edited, 1999), and Electoral Systems: A Comparative Introduction (2000).
Mark M. Gray is a doctoral candidate in political science at the University of California, Irvine. His research emphases include political participation, the mass media, democratization, and time-series cross-sectional data analysis. His research on explaining declines in voting turnout has appeared in Comparative Political Studies.