Needless to say, large numbers of books and articles on voting behavior contain brief passages on the electoral effects of leaders' personalities and other personal characteristics. This bibliography includes only books, chapters, and articles that deal mainly or extensively with this subject (or, in some instances, with the related but separate subject of how voters evaluate candidates and leaders).
Robert P. Abelson, Donald R. Kinder, Mark D. Peters, and Susan T. Fiske, “Affective and Semantic Components in Political Person Perception, ” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 42 (1982), 619-30.
John Bartle, Ivor Crewe, and Anthony King, “Was It Blair Who Won It? Leadership Effects in the 1997 British General Election.” Paper presented to the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, D.C., August 28-31, 1997.
Clive S. Bean, “Political Leaders and Voter Perceptions: Images of Muldoon and Rowling at the 1975 and 1978 New Zealand General Elections, ” Political Science, 32 (1980), 55-75.
Clive Bean, “The Electoral Influence of Party Leader Images in Australia and New Zealand, ” Comparative Political Studies, 26 (1993), 111-32.
Clive Bean and Jonathan Kelley, “Partisan Stability and Short-term Change in the 1987 Federal Election: Evidence from the NSSS Panel Study, ” Politics, 23 (1988), 80-94.
Clive Bean and Anthony Mughan, “Leadership Effects in Parliamentary Elections in Australia and Britain, ” American Political Science Review, 83 (1989), 1165-79.
Richard A. Brody, “Candidate Evaluations and the Vote: Some Considerations Affecting the Application of Cognitive Psychology to Voting Behavior, ” in Richard R. Lau and David O. Sears, eds., Political Cognition (Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1986).
Richard A. Brody and Benjamin I. Page, “Indifference, Alientation and Rational Decisions: The Effects of Candidate Evaluations on Turnout and the Vote, ” Public Choice, 15 (1973), 1-17.
J. Andrew Brown, “The Major Effect: Changes in Party Leadership and Party Popularity, ” Parliamentary Affairs, 45 (1992), 545-64.
Steven D. Brown, Ronald D. Lambert, Barry J. Kay, and James E. Curtis, “In the Eye of the Beholder: Leader Images in Canada, ” Canadian Journal of Political Science, 21 (1988), 729-55.
David Butler and Donald Stokes, Political Change in Britain: The Evolution of Electoral Choice, 2nd edn. (London: Macmillan, 1974), chap. 17.
Harold D. Clarke, Jane Jenson, Lawrence LeDuc, and Jon H. Pammett, Political Choice in Canada (Toronto: McGraw-Hill, Ryerson, 1979).
Harold D. Clarke and Marianne C. Stewart, “Economic Evaluations, Prime Ministerial Approval and Governing Party Support: Rival Models Considered, ” British Journal of Political Science, 25 (1995), 145-70.