What makes Brown historic…is its fall-out effect. It transformed and radicalized relations in this country, removing blacks from the status of supplicants to full citizenship under law, with entitlement by law to all the rights and privileges of all other citizens. Equal citizenship is not yet a reality, but blacks can now contend that the reality is contrary to law. This a powerful argument-a potent force that an equal facilities victory could not have produced.
Federal Judge Robert L. Carter,Michigan Law Review, 1094-1095, May 1988
You are not required to obey any court which passes out such a ruling [as Brown.] In fact, you are obligated to defy it.
U.S. Senator James Eastland of Mississippi, Speech, August 12, 1955, in Senatobia, Mississippi
You can only create a resistance movement when people don't care about [losing] their lives.
Alan Furst,Kingdom of Shadows, New York, 2000, 102