The Development of Judgment and Decision Making in Children and Adolescents

By Janis E. Jacobs; Paul A. Klaczynski | Go to book overview

8

The Role of Consultants in
Adolescents' Decision Making:
A Focus on Abortion Decisions

Laura L. Finken

Creighton University

Although rates have been declining significantly in recent years, nearly 1 million adolescent girls become pregnant in the United States every year (Alan Guttmacher Institute, 1999). Out of all of the developed Western countries, an adolescent girl from the United States has the highest risk of becoming pregnant (Ambuel, 1995). Almost 4 out of 10 teenage pregnancies end in selected abortion (Alan Guttmacher Institute, 1999) and adolescents account for nearly one fifth of the abortions performed in the United States (Alan Guttmacher Institute, 2003). Since the Supreme Court's legalization of abortion in 1973, there has been a whirlwind of state legislation designed to progressively restrict access to abortion (for a review, see Limber & Pagliocca, 2000). Currently, the most intense controversy about adolescent abortion revolves around consultation: that is, whether or not minors should be legally required to consult with their parents prior to obtaining an abortion. Thirty-two states have mandatory parental involvement laws in effect for adolescent abortions and another 10 states have laws on the books, although they are not currently enforced (Alan Guttmacher Institute, 2001). Mandatory parental involvement policies indicate that courts do not trust adolescents to choose appropriate consultants (Limber, 1992) and that the courts perceive adolescents as being incapable of making abortion decisions on their own (Adler, Smith, & Tschann, 1998).

As highlighted by the policy debates surrounding adolescent abortion, a central issue surrounding children's and adolescents' judgment is whether or not they are competent to make major life decisions on their own. Curiously,

-255-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Development of Judgment and Decision Making in Children and Adolescents
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 364

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.