Unemployment Compensation throughout the World: A Comparative Analysis

By Wayne Vroman; Vera Brusentsev | Go to book overview

that aggregate receipts would be increased to cover benefit costs, and any deficits would be reallocated to the oblasts needing additional funds. More than likely, the change in the method of UI financing will lead to increased recipiency, particularly in the regions with high unemployment. Moreover, it will improve the targeting of benefit payments to persons in the oblasts where the need for UI benefits is greatest. It was noted, however, that since this is but one change within a UI program characterized by low recipiency, it remains to be seen how much recipiency will increase in the oblasts with high unemployment.


Notes
1.
The two CEE countries are Albania and Bosnia, while the eight FSU countries are Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgistan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Turkmenis- tan, and Uzbekistan.
2.
In May 2004, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia were formally accepted into the EU. Bulgaria, Croatia, and Romania are candidate countries.
3.
Details appear in issues of Social Security Programs Throughout the World that predate the 1990s.
4.
Large proportions of unemployment spells lasted for more than 12 months. The average percentages in five CEE countries between 1995 and 2000 were Bulgaria, 61; the Czech Republic, 35; Hungary, 51; Poland, 38; and Slovakia, 52.
5.
Boeri and Edwards (1998) also document the evolution of selected UC benefit provisions through roughly middecade.
6.
Eight countries were formally accepted into the EU in May 2004; three are candi- date countries. See note 2 for the list of countries.
7.
This discussion is based on Vroman's work in Bulgaria in 2000—2003 and conver- sations with Ms. Hristina Metreva of the National Social Security Institute (NSSI).
8.
Consolidation of Bulgarian tax collection administration is also under way.
9.
Similar cross-matches were made between earnings records and short-term sick- ness and maternity benefits. For these benefits, the NSSI found that the overlap was nearly 15 percent of recipients.
10.
In many countries this arrangement was intended to operate at two levels: from local areas (raions) to regions and from regions (oblasts) to the national authority.
11.
Note in Table 5.1 the low ratios of registered to LFS-based unemployment for Moldova, Russia, and Ukraine.
12.
The Unemployment Insurance Act was given Royal Assent in Canada on August 7, 1940. A major reform of the UI program, the Employment Insurance Act, was passed in July 1996.
13.
In the United States the net subsidies across industries are reduced by the experi- ence rating of UI taxes. See Vroman (1996) for a comparison of the interindustry subsidies in Canada and the United States.

-125-

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Unemployment Compensation throughout the World: A Comparative Analysis
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Unemployment Compensation Throughout the World - A Comparative Analysis *
  • Contents v
  • Figures vii
  • Tables viii
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • Notes 6
  • Part 1 - A Global Perspective *
  • 2 - Economic Performance and Unemployment 9
  • Notes 42
  • 3 - Unemployment Protection 45
  • Notes 75
  • Part 2 - Regional Aspects of Unemployment Protection *
  • 4 - Unemployment Compensation in the Oecd-20 Countries 81
  • Notes 106
  • 5 - Unemployment Compensation in the Cee-Fsu Countries 109
  • Notes 125
  • 6 - Unemployment Compensation in East and South Asia 127
  • Notes 143
  • 7 - Unemployment Compensation in Latin American and Caribbean Countries 145
  • Notes 165
  • Part 3 - Problem Areas for Unemployment Compensation Programs *
  • 8 - Three Problem Areas for Unemployment Compensation Programs 169
  • Notes 210
  • 9 - Conclusion 213
  • Appendix A - Labor Market Data for 150 Countries 219
  • Appendix B - Output Changes and Employment Changes 227
  • Notes 232
  • Appendix C - Regression Estimates of Uc Benefit Generosity 233
  • Appendix D - Uc Provisions and Uc Costs in Cee-Fsu Countries 235
  • Appendix E - Determinants of Long-Term Unemployment Percentages 245
  • Notes 252
  • References 253
  • The Authors 259
  • Index 261
  • About the Institute 273
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