UC Provisions and UC Costs in CEE-FSU Countries
Chapter 5 and this appendix examine UC statutes and UC costs in CEE and FSU countries. The division between the text of Chapter 5 text and this appendix allows the text to focus on general developments while supporting details are provided here. This appendix examines three aspects of unemployment protection in CEE-FSU countries: 1) the evolution of selected UC statutory provisions, 2) the presence and potential duration of SA payments to the unemployed, and 3) annual cost experiences (including SA costs) in four countries.
Table D.1 shows details of UC programs and other programs that provide income support for the unemployed in 12 CEE-FSU countries. As noted in Chapter 5, the 12 were selected in a decidedly nonrandom manner. Ten have recently joined or been invited to join the EU during the next few years while the other two (Russia and Ukraine) have the largest populations of all countries in the CEE-FSU region. With a few exceptions, the table covers the period from 1991 to 2001, with entries shown for 1997 along with entries for the starting and ending years.
The table summarizes UC statutory provisions related to entry eligibility, the level of payments, and benefit duration, as well as notes the presence and potential duration of other support for the unemployed. The latter is most often available as SA. As noted in Chapter 5, a common policy response to the long average unemployment duration that emerged throughout the region was to modify the preexisting SA program to serve unemployed clients. In about half the countries, the latter benefits were still not limited in duration as of 2001.
The UC provisions displayed in Table D.1 are intended to be illustrative. Additional provisions could also have been selected, for example, the minimum benefit, but many would agree that these four are key elements for judging the accessibility and generosity of UC benefits. Note that some entries are blank. Information about the provisions was not secured for the indicated years. The majority of the omissions occurred in 1991.