"Is slavery a moral evil or not?"
Rabbi David Einhorn
Opposition to slavery developed slowly. In 1775 Benjamin Franklin founded the Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery. His goal was praiseworthy but premature. An activist anti-slavery movement did not have much impact before the 1830s when abolitionist societies were established in Boston and Philadelphia. Their activism went beyond speechmaking and pamphleteering to include an organized method of helping slaves escape their fate -- The Underground Railroad. A network of brave "conductors" led escaping blacks through perilous routes to relative safety in the North and in Canada. Historian John Hope Franklin stated that "perhaps nothing did more to intensify the strife