TO THE STREETS
"Turn on the hoses!"
Topeka, Kansas seemed to be the most unlikely place from which to launch a civil-rights revolution in the United States. Kansas was not in the Deep South and had not been in the Confederacy during the Civil War. Yet, the city's elementary schools were segregated: African-American children were bused to distant black schools rather than allowed to attend neighborhood white schools. The families of several children objected and with the help of the NAACP brought suit against the Topeka Board of Education. Oliver Brown headed the alphabetical list of parents. The rest is history.
Brown v. Board of Education became the pivotal civil rights case of the twentieth century. It quickly