The Law and Enterprise Responsibility
Examining the origins of the Cooperative Compliance Program (CCP) is important because they are unexpected from the prevailing view of regulatory politics at OSHA and also because an obvious yet indispensable step in a policy's success is its creation in the first place. It is one thing, however, to explain what makes regulatory reform happen and quite another to explain the subsequent success of that reform. Now we turn to the latter issue.
As has been mentioned, our discussion uses a before-and-after model of analysis. If we are to understand what real difference the CCP made, how it actually influenced the operation of job site safety programs, and most important, why it was a success, we must first understand how these programs operated prior to the CCP. To establish our baseline of comparison, the next two chapters detail the administrative development of two corporate safety programs prior to their participation in the CCP. As noted earlier, the company I call Builder Inc. participated in one CCP project, while the company I refer to as Constructor Ltd. participated in three.
Quite apart from the CCP's success, Builder Inc. and Constructor Ltd.'s administrative development is worth examining for two additional reasons: to explore the questions of regulatory impact and of the interaction between public and private regulation. We