Professionalism and Accountability
We noted in chapter 1 that most scholarly thinking about regulation tends to view government rulemaking and enforcement as the defining feature of the regulatory process. To put the point more broadly, it displays a strong positivist tendency to convert every form of regulatory ordering into a one-way projection of authority emanating from the state and imposed upon a social landscape otherwise barren of normative orderings. The consequence of this emphasis has been that little attention has been paid to non-statist forms of regulatory ordering indigenous to various settings in society.
In the preceding chapters we have viewed the regulatory system from a quite different angle, not as unitary and state-centered, but as diverse and multi-centered. In chapter 2 we saw that to understand the CCP's origins it is crucial to consider the socioeconomic network linking construction unions and their employers as a source of regulatory ordering, since it has influenced the dynamics of occupational safety regulation and its reform in significant ways. As we saw in chapter 3, a similar analysis can be made regarding the impact of OSHA. More particularly, it is important to stress the safety department's indigenous regulatory activity, how it conditioned OSHA's influence on Builder Inc. and Constructor Ltd.'s administrative development, and how it led to a di-